Report on Environmental Conditions & Natural Resources on Mexico's Northern Border

Report on Environmental Conditions
and Natural Resources
on Mexico’s Northern Border

Produced by el Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) and el Instituto de Información Fronteriza México-Estados Unidos (InfoMexus).

Originally published in Spanish by the Mexican government’s Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE).

English-language version produced by the Gila Resources Information Project (GRIP) and Americas Program at the Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC). Funding for this work was provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


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Forward, credits, and table of contents
Chapter 1: Overview
Chapter 2: General Environmental Conditions in Mexico’s Northern Border Region
Chapter 3: Demographic, Social, and Economic Characteristics of the Northern Border Region
Chapter 4: Public and Environmental Health on the Northern Border
Chapter 5: Air
Chapter 6: Water
Chapter 7: Soil and Land
Chapter 8: Municipal Solid Waste
Chapter 9: Hazardous Waste
Chapter 10: Pollution Prevention
Chapter 11: Institutional and Inter-Institutional Efforts
Chapter 12: Summary and Conclusions
Appendix 1: Demographic, Social and Economic Characteristics
Appendix 2: Finances
Appendix 3: Maquiladora Industry
Appendix 4: Health
Appendix 5: Water
Appendix 6: Soil and Land Use
Appendix 7: Municipal Solid Waste
Appendix 8: Hazardous Waste
Appendix 9: Results of Inspections of Industry Operations
Appendix 10: Nongovernmental Organizations



For questions regarding the translation of this report, email GRIP at
For questions regarding downloading and accessing the report, email

Additional information:

Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE)

U.S.-Mexico Border 2012 Program

Original report in Spanish, from INE